Address Check

This section will describe how to validate an address and determine if it's a smart contract address.

Check if Address is Valid

We can use a simple regular expression to check if the ethereum address is valid:

re := regexp.MustCompile("^0x[0-9a-fA-F]{40}$")

fmt.Printf("is valid: %v\n", re.MatchString("0x323b5d4c32345ced77393b3530b1eed0f346429d")) // is valid: true
fmt.Printf("is valid: %v\n", re.MatchString("0xZYXb5d4c32345ced77393b3530b1eed0f346429d")) // is valid: false

Check if Address is an Account or a Smart Contract

We can determine if an address is a smart contract if there's bytecode stored at that address. Here's an example where we fetch the code for a token smart contract and check the length to verify that it's a smart contract:

// 0x Protocol Token (ZRX) smart contract address
address := common.HexToAddress("0xe41d2489571d322189246dafa5ebde1f4699f498")
bytecode, err := client.CodeAt(context.Background(), address, nil) // nil is latest block
if err != nil {
  log.Fatal(err)
}

isContract := len(bytecode) > 0

fmt.Printf("is contract: %v\n", isContract) // is contract: true

When there's no bytecode at the address then we know that it's not a smart contract and it's a standard ethereum account:

// a random user account address
address := common.HexToAddress("0x8e215d06ea7ec1fdb4fc5fd21768f4b34ee92ef4")
bytecode, err := client.CodeAt(context.Background(), address, nil) // nil is latest block
if err != nil {
  log.Fatal(err)
}

isContract = len(bytecode) > 0

fmt.Printf("is contract: %v\n", isContract) // is contract: false

Full code

address_check.go

package main

import (
    "context"
    "fmt"
    "log"
    "regexp"

    "github.com/ethereum/go-ethereum/common"
    "github.com/ethereum/go-ethereum/ethclient"
)

func main() {
    re := regexp.MustCompile("^0x[0-9a-fA-F]{40}$")

    fmt.Printf("is valid: %v\n", re.MatchString("0x323b5d4c32345ced77393b3530b1eed0f346429d")) // is valid: true
    fmt.Printf("is valid: %v\n", re.MatchString("0xZYXb5d4c32345ced77393b3530b1eed0f346429d")) // is valid: false

    client, err := ethclient.Dial("https://mainnet.infura.io")
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
    }

    // 0x Protocol Token (ZRX) smart contract address
    address := common.HexToAddress("0xe41d2489571d322189246dafa5ebde1f4699f498")
    bytecode, err := client.CodeAt(context.Background(), address, nil) // nil is latest block
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
    }

    isContract := len(bytecode) > 0

    fmt.Printf("is contract: %v\n", isContract) // is contract: true

    // a random user account address
    address = common.HexToAddress("0x8e215d06ea7ec1fdb4fc5fd21768f4b34ee92ef4")
    bytecode, err = client.CodeAt(context.Background(), address, nil) // nil is latest block
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
    }

    isContract = len(bytecode) > 0

    fmt.Printf("is contract: %v\n", isContract) // is contract: false
}

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